Wood Handled Knives:
Quite often wood handled knives are mistakenly categorized as "Post-war" knives. They were available through the later years of the war and most likely many of them were private purchase, although some were known to be issued. Other writers try to define them as only for air crews, or boat crews, but they were used universally.
Below: A rather homely looking knife but the handle is more comfortable than a 3rd pattern. In fact the handle is shaped a lot like an Applegate-Fairbairn. The handle is made from two pieces of a dense walnut and pinned through the hidden tang. Clearly, for some reason, the owner chose to not use the original guard, which would have made for a more professional look. So another ugly duckling joins our collection of wayward F-S knives. The sheath appears to be much more recently made and will no doubt be replaced.
Below: A really neat old dagger made in Sheffield. When it was made and by whom i did not know. We have recently learned from a Mr. Grant McLeod that this knife was made by Alexander of Sheffield. R H Alexander was an importer and dealer in cutlery in New York from 1850-1876. Likely used in WW-II but now we know the knife could be a lot older. The walnut handle scales are secured by four small brass pins to a full tang blade. Its heavy leather sheath, which I am reasonably sure dates to WW-II, is shown. Overall, the knife and sheath are in excellent condition and appealed to me aesthetically. I really love the look of this knife. It looks as though the blade was originally a little bit longer.
Below: Here is a beautiful spear point dagger made by Alexander of Sheffield probably mid 1860 to 1880. The signature stamp is the same as on our dagger. This fine antique is listed for sale by Steven Still Antiques at https://www.stevenfstillantiques.com/product/bowie-knife-stamped-alexander
Below: In less than ideal condition, a WW-II Wood handled knife. I bought it because it was by a maker I do not have any other knives by. I'll post better photos once it arrives. The sheath was a completely cobbled-up homemade affair and it may or may not be period to the knife. I actually decided to not remove the tape and in fact glued the loose end down. Who knows what lies underneath. The knife is functional and ready to go to another war if needed.
Below: A nice pair of pristine wood handled knives donated by our good friend in California. They may have been produced in India.
Below: An unusually weathered looking knife. The handle condition has me stumped. I cannot imagine what caused this sort of wear pattern to the wooden handle and the steel in the blade. The wooden handle is hard and not spongy. The blade actually looks like a layered (Damascus) steel but it is not.
Below: Underneath all of this cord wrapping is a wooden 3rd pattern handle (I think) with what looks like multiple cracks. The sheath is covered in a old brown packing tape of some kind. It had this tie down loop made from an old battery cable but the wire has parted. I left the tape in place.
Below: An extremely unusual commando knife! The handle has been replaced (or a bare blade mounted) with a very dense piece of root or possibly bog oak. It does not appear to have been shaped using any tools but attached in its natural, organic shape. (The sheath shown did not come with it.)
Standard Wooden Handled Knives:
The wooden handled F~S are most commonly found in two basic styles. The one style closely imitates a P-3, the other one is a fat oval shape unlike any other F~S handle. The P-3 style are generally painted black and the oval shaped ones are left their natural Beech color and simply varnished. Early in my collecting days these knives were not very popular with myself or other collectors. The prices were much cheaper than the more recognized varieties and so I added a few to our collection. Some people claim they were for use in tropical climates where the metallic handles would be uncomfortable to use. Other say they were made for airborne paratroopers, or pilots, to save weight. I am not convinced that either of these are accurate assumptions.
The blades were, for the most part, thin ones, likely late war. Some experts tried to relegate all of these knives to a post-war period but that has since been proven false. Many of the examples I have seen had nicely finished blades and thick guards. A few of the handles exhibit cracks due to the wood shrinking over the past 70 years. The P3 style also used typical top nuts (right) whereas the oval handled ones used recessed and slotted top nuts (left). This style nut was eventually adopted for use on late model third pattern knives.
None of the wood handled knives in my collection have any inspectors marks which leads me to conclude that they may have been primarily an after-market or private purchase item. Certainly they would have been cheaper, "in the day", than the standard models and may have appealed to men with tighter purse strings. All of this is simply my own opinion and conjecture. The following photo is a close up of a knife made by Geo. Wolstenholm of Sheffield, of the famous IXL brand name. When new it had a lovely peacock blued blade. This was a temper blue, achieved by heating the blade to that color and quenching it.
It was a bugger to get a photo of this etch and in the process the lighting made the bright blue blade look black. This knife also came with an unusual sheath. (See below)
Non-Standard Wood Handled F~S:
In this section I have included a few wood handled knives that are obviously not traditional F~S knives. One of them was converted from a German Youth Dagger, I was told. I am not knowledgeable in this field but it made a terrific little dagger. The handle is a composite of wood and leather washers. It has a neatly made guard and the end of the handle is capped with an enameled swastika medallion.
Here is a close-up of the handle and the blade etching and pommel.
The knife illustrated below, middle, is a French "Avenger." These knives were used throughout two world wars. They are a very well built knife whose blade is very similar in format to a Randall Model 2. The knives are almost always found housed in these metal sheaths, held in place by a spring. The provenance of the top knife is unknown, perhaps handmade but its blade profile is exactly the same as the Australian Commando dagger. (It is also posted under Australian Knives.)
Below: Here is a spray of wood handled fighting knives. It seems that the wood handled knives had no specific sheath issued with them because all of mine came in assorted styles. They seldom have any inspector stamp or broad arrow. This might indicate a large percentage of them were private purchase, commercially available knives. I do have a reference to a WW-II Vet telling his grandson he preferred carrying his wood handle knife to his First Pattern. The son is in possession of both knives i believe.
Below: Fat wood handled knife housed in a home-made sheath of very heavy, stiff leather. It appears to be machine stitched and has a watch band type strap for knife retention. There is no belt loop so I assume it was worn simply thrust into the waist and held in by belt tension. The wide flap would prevent it from falling through the belt and being lost.
Below: A nice wood handled knife that joined the collection. It is an original "I" model 3rd pattern blade from India Stores but the original alloy handle has been professionally replaced with a 3rd pattern wooden one.
Note the heavy forged blade typical of an "I" marked knife. The entire assembly is nice and tight and the top nut has been in place for a long time judging by the patina on it and the end of the tang. Like most wood handled knives the balance and heft is not as good as a brass handled knife.